UBL Cell supports in,
- Drafting and filing Patents
- Applying for Copyrights
- Designs and Trademarks
Patent for the Inventions
Patents protect inventions and ensure the inventors the benefits resulting from the inventions thereby providing incentives for inventiveness, encouraging further inventions and promoting investment. This will spur the economic and technological development. Patent applications already published disclose newly invented technologies and are available for anyone to refer to. They contain vital information for researchers, inventors and enterprises who want to keep up with new developments, carry out R&D activities and use new technologies.
What is a Patent?
The State grants the inventor, by means of a patent, a monopoly, i.e. the right to exclude others from making, using and selling the patented invention for a period of 20 years from the date of application. The owner of the patent can use, or commercialize by selling or licensing the patented technology and derive financial benefits which will contribute to the growth of the economy.
What can be Patented?
An invention is patentable if it (a) is new (not known in the existing knowledge) (b) industrially applicable (functional and operative) and (c) involves an inventive step (the development or improvement is not obvious to a person of average skill in the particular field.) A patent may be granted to an improvement of a valid patented invention. But when it is being used, there is a possibility of infringing the rights of the owner of the first patent. Therefore, it is advisable to negotiate with the holder of the first patent prior to use.
What is not patentable?
(i) discoveries, scientific theories and mathematical methods;
(ii) plants, animals, microorganisms other than transgenic microorganisms and an essentially biological process for the production of plants and animals other than non biological and micro-biological processes;
(iii) schemes, rules or methods for doing business, performing purely mental acts or playing games
(iv) methods for treatment of human or animal body by surgery or therapy and diagnostic methods practiced on human or animal body
(v) inventions which are necessary to protect public order, morality including human animal or plant life, health, or to avoid serious prejudice to environment.
What is Copyright?
Copyright means the rights given by law to the creators for their literary and artistic works.The rights take two forms; (a) economic rights and (b) moral rights. The economic rights include the right to reproduce, sell, rent, distribute, communicate to the public, and translate etc. whereas the moral rights cover the right to claim the authorship and right to oppose distortion or mutilation of the work.
What is a Trademark?
A mark- trademark or service mark- is a visible sign that is capable of distinguishing the goods or services of different enterprises. A trademark relates to goods whereas a service mark relates to services. In addition, there are two more kind of marks – Certification marks and Collective marks. Certification mark is granted to the owner for goods or services if he certifies as to the origin, material and manufacturing method of goods or performance of
service, quality and accuracy with regard to its use. A Collective mark is a mark serving to distinguish the origin or any other common characteristic of goods or services of different enterprises which use the Mark under the control of the registered owner.
What is a design?
It is the ornamental or aesthetic aspect of an article. It does not have any functional character. A design can be three dimensional such as shape of an article (design for a toy, bottle, jewelry or chair etc.) or two dimensional such as pattern or lines. (Design for a greeting card etc).